A Brief History of Cloud Computing from The Beginning

A Brief History of Cloud Computing from The Beginning

Cloud computing is the result of gradual evolution where previously there was a phenomenon of grid computing, virtualization, application service provision (ASP) and Software as a Service (SaaS). Concept the integration of computing resources through the global network itself starts at the 60s At that time the "Intergalactic computer network" appeared by J.C.R. Licklider, who is responsible for the construction of the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) in 1969. J.C.R.

Licklider has an ideal where every human being in this world can be connected and can access programs and data from any site, anywhere. According to Margaret Lewis, Director of Marketing for AMD Products. "The ideals sound similar to what is now called cloud computing ". Other computing experts also add on this concept, including John McCarthy who offered ideas regarding computing networks that will become public infrastructure, the same like the service bureaus that have existed since the '60s.

Since the '60s, cloud computing has grown side by side with the development of the Internet and the Web. But because of that

there was a significant change in bandwidh technology in 1990-an, the Internet first developed compared to cloud computing. And now it seems that the main driver of cloud computing is because the Internet revolution. One stepping stone that is quite drastic is with Salesforce.com in 1999, which was the originator the first company application was run through the Internet. Development next is the presence of Amazon Web Services in 2006, where where with Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) technology, there were web service sites which is commercialized which allows small companies and individuals to rent a computer or server, so you can run the application their computer.

The cloud is gaining popularity because the company gains a better understanding of its services and uses. In 1999, Salesforce became a popular example of using Cloud Computing successfully. They use it to spearhead the idea of using the Internet to send software programs to end users.

In 2002, Amazon introduced web-based retail services. In 2006, Amazon launched Amazon Web Services, which offered online services to other websites, or clients. One of the Amazon Web Services sites, called Amazon Mechanical Turk, provides a variety of Cloud-based services including storage, calculation, and "human intelligence." The other Amazon Web Services site is Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which allows individuals to rent virtual computers and use their own programs and applications.

In the same year, Google launched the Google Docs service. Google Docs was originally based on two separate products, Google Spreadsheets and Writely. Google buys Writely, which offers tenants the ability to save documents, edit documents, and transfer them to the blogging system. (These documents are compatible with Microsoft Word.) Google Spreadsheets (obtained from 2Web Technologies, in 2005) is an Internet-based program that allows users to develop, update, and edit spreadsheets, and to share data online. Ajax based programs are used, which are compatible with Microsoft Excel. Spreadsheets can be saved in HTML format.

In the initial stage, the Cloud is used to express empty space between end users and providers. In 1997, Professor Ramnath Chellapa from Emory University defined Cloud Computing as "a new computing paradigm, in which computing boundaries will be determined by economic reasons, rather than technical limits only." This rather heavy description rings true in describing the evolution of the Cloud.Another big stepping stone came in 2009 with Web 2.0 reaching its peak. Google and others started to offer browser-based applications for large companies, such as Google Apps. The most important contribution of cloud computing is the emergence of killer apps from technology rulers such as Microsoft and Google. When the company sends services in a form that is easy to consume, the effect of its revenue becomes very broad, according to Dan Germain, Chief Technology IT provider Cobweb Solution. Other major factors that influence the development of cloud computing include the maturation of visual technology, the development of universal high-speed bandwidth, and universal software, according to Jamie Turner, the pioneer of cloud computing. Turner added, cloud computing has spread to Google Doc users. We can only imagine how big the scope has been achieved. Anything can be done and sent through the cloud.

In 2011, IBM introduced the IBM SmartCloud framework, to support Smarter Planet (a cultural thinking project). Then, Apple launched ICloud, which focuses on storing more personal information (photos, music, videos, etc.). Also, during this year, Microsoft began advertising Cloud on television, making the general public aware of its ability to store photos, or videos, with easy access.

Oracle introduced the Oracle Cloud in 2012, offering three bases for business, IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service), PaaS (Platform as a Service), and SAAS (Software as a Service).